الإثنين , يونيو 15 2020

France to deploy 10,000 troops


French soldier patrol near the Eiffel Tower in Paris as part of security measures following the attack on the offices of Charlie Hebdo magazine - 9 January 2015France’s interior minister has said that the country will remain on high alert in the coming weeks

France is mobilising 10,000 troops to boost security after last week’s deadly attacks, and will send thousands of police to protect Jewish schools.

Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said troops would be in place from Tuesday in the most sensitive areas.

The comments came as the French cabinet held a crisis meeting on security.

Seventeen people were killed in Paris last week in attacks at satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, on a police officer, and at a kosher supermarket.

On Sunday, an estimated 3.7 million people turned out to show solidarity with the victims, including 1.5 million people in Paris.

About 40 world leaders joined the start of the Paris march, linking arms in an act of solidarity.



 A man holds a giant pencil as he takes part in a solidarity march (Marche Republicaine) in the streets of Paris January 11, 2015

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BBC News looks at the memorable moments from the unity march in Paris

In Paris on Monday, President Francois Hollande held a crisis meeting with top officials.

Mr Le Drian said the deployment of troops represented the largest ever mobilisation of troops within France.

Interior Minister Bernard Cazaneuve announced that nearly 5,000 police would be sent to protect France’s 717 Jewish schools, and that troops would be sent as reinforcements over the next two days.

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Analysis, Hugh Schofield, BBC News, Paris

The security meeting is a chance for President Hollande to be briefed on the latest in the investigation into last week’s attacks. New elements include the discovery of a second flat where Coulibaly seems to have stored his weapons.

There will also be preliminary discussion of what – if any – new measures need to be taken in the fight against jihadism. There has been much talk about a possible French Patriot Act – similar to what the US enacted after 9/11.

But there seems little appetite to make major legislative changes. A new anti-terrorist law has only just gone through parliament. Emphasis is more likely to be on improving the means – in manpower and material – available to the intelligence services, and also combating the growing problem of radicalisation in prisons.

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Last week, Mr Valls admitted there had been “clear failings” after it emerged that the three gunman involved in the attacks – Said and Cherif Kouachi and Amedy Coulibaly – had a history of extremism.

The Kouachi brothers were on UK and US terror watch lists and Coulibaly had previously been convicted for plotting to free a known militant from prison. Coulibaly met Cherif Kouachi while in jail.

Coulibaly and the two brothers were shot dead on Friday after police ended two separate sieges.

Hundreds of thousands of people marched through Paris on Sunday - 11 January 2015President Hollande said that Paris was “the capital of the world” on Sunday as the capital held a huge rally

French President Francois Hollande hugs Charlie Hebdo journalist Patrick Pelloux during the unity march in the streets of Paris - 11 January 2015Mr Hollande led the march, stopping to hug Charlie Hebdo journalist Patrick Pelloux along the way

Coulibaly killed four people at a kosher supermarket in eastern Paris on Friday before police stormed the building. He is also believed to have shot dead a policewoman the day before.

Ahead of Sunday’s rally in Paris, a video emerged appearing to show Coulibaly pledging allegiance to the Islamic State militant group.

In the video, he said he was working with the Kouachi brothers: “We have split our team into two… to increase the impact of our actions.”

One of the Kouachi brothers said they were acting on behalf of Yemeni branch of al-Qaeda (AQAP). But experts say it is highly unlikely that Islamic State and al-Qaeda, rivals in the Middle East, would plan an attack together.



Amedy Coulibaly

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The video appears to show Amedy Coulibaly explaining his motivation

The attacks in Paris started last Wednesday, when the Kouachi brothers raided the offices of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, killing 12 people – including eight journalists and two police officers.

French police are still hunting for accomplices of the three gunmen, including Hayat Boumeddiene, Coulibaly’s partner.

However, she is believed to have left France before the attacks. The Turkish foreign minister said she had arrived in Turkey on 2 January from Madrid, before continuing to Syria six days later.

France will remain on high alert in the coming weeks.

In London, Prime Minister Cameron is consulting senior intelligence and security officials over Britain’s response to the attacks in France.

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How the attacks unfolded (all times GMT)

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  • Wednesday 7 January 10:30 – Two masked gunmen enter Charlie Hebdo offices, killing 11 people, including the magazine’s editor. Shortly after the attack, the gunmen kill a police officer nearby.
  • 11:00 – Police lose track of the men after they abandon their getaway car and hijack another vehicle. They are later identified as brothers Said and Cherif Kouachi.
  • Thursday 8 January 08:45 -A lone gunman shoots dead a policewoman and injures a man in the south of Paris. Gunman later identified as Amedy Coulibaly.
  • 10:30 – The Kouachi brothers rob a service station near Villers-Cotterets, in the Aisne region, but disappear again.
  • Friday 9 January 08:30 – Police exchange gunfire with the Kouachi brothers during a car chase on the National 2 highway northeast of Paris.
  • 10:00 – Police surround the brothers at an industrial building in at Dammartin-en-Goele, 35km (22 miles) from Paris.
  • 12:15 – Coulibaly reappears and takes several people hostage at a kosher supermarket in eastern Paris. Heavily-armed police arrive and surround the store.
  • 16:00 – Kouachi brothers come out of the warehouse, firing at police. They are both shot dead.
  • 16:15 – Police storm the kosher supermarket in Paris, killing Coulibaly and rescuing 15 hostages. The bodies of four hostages are recovered.

Three days of terror

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