الأربعاء , يونيو 17 2020

'Key issues' delay Iran nuclear deal

The UK says key issues still need to be tackled at talks on Iran’s nuclear programme but agrees with Iranian and Russian delegates that there is “a broad framework of understanding”.

Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said: “We hope to get there during the day.”

However, a number of ministers have left the talks and China warned compromise was essential, otherwise “all previous efforts will be wasted”.

A deal would curb the nuclear programme in return for sanctions relief.

Negotiations between the so-called P5+1 – the US, UK, France, China and Russia plus Germany – and Iran resumed on Wednesday at Lausanne’s Beau-Rivage Palace hotel after overrunning a 31 March deadline for a deal.

The P5+1 deal seeks to ensure Iran could not assemble a nuclear weapon in less than a year. The Iranians insist that they have no such ambition.

‘Fingers crossed’

Mr Hammond told the BBC: “I think we have a broad framework of understanding, but there are still some key issues that have to be worked through.

“Some of them are quite detailed and technical so there is still quite a lot of work to do but we are on it now and we’ll keep going at it.

“Fingers crossed, we hope to get there during the day.”

Mr Hammond stressed again that he would not sign up to a “bad deal”.

Lausanne's Beau-Rivage Palace

The talks at Lausanne’s Beau-Rivage Palace hotel were extended into Wednesday

EU's foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini (L) and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif smile ahead of the opening of a plenary session on Iran nuclear talks at the Beau Rivage Palace Hotel in Lausanne, Switzerland, on 30 March 2015

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said he hoped an agreement could be finalised on Wednesday

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said earlier that “one can say with relative certainty that we at the minister level have reached an agreement in principle on all key aspects of the final settlement of this issue”. He has now left the talks.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that “quite a bit” had been accomplished.

He and US Secretary of State John Kerry were holding bilateral talks on Wednesday.

However, Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi on Wednesday admitted that “problems” remained, saying there could not be a deal without a “framework for the removal of all sanctions”.

The BBC’s Barbara Plett Usher in Lausanne says Mr Araqchi suggested there might be a joint press statement that talks about progress made and continuing to try to draft a solution.

This sounds less than the framework on political parameters which the negotiators had been targeting, our correspondent says.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who has now left Lausanne, issued a note of caution.

A Chinese statement read: “It is important to give political guidance to the negotiations… it is important to narrow down the differences.

“If the negotiations are stuck, all previous efforts will be wasted. All parties must be prepared to meet each other half way to reach an agreement.”

A handout picture released by the White House on 1 April 2015 shows US President Barack Obama (L) and Vice President Joe Biden (R), with the national security team, participate in a secure video teleconference from the Situation Room of the White House in Washington.

President Obama was briefed about the talks late on Tuesday

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius has also left Lausanne but said he would return as soon as it was “useful”.

Any agreement would set the stage for further talks aimed at achieving a comprehensive accord by 30 June.

On Wednesday, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu said again that the concessions offered to Iran in Lausanne would ensure a “bad deal” that endangered Israel, the Middle East and the rest of the world.

Sticking points

After months of negotiations, the basic outline of an agreement is well known.

Iran would scale its nuclear programme and subject it to rigorous inspection for at least 10 years. In exchange, there would be an easing and eventual end of crippling UN, US and EU sanctions.

However, there are some issues yet to be resolved. These are thought to include:

  • Length of restrictions – Iran’s nuclear activities would be strictly limited for at least 10 years. After that, Iran wants all limits to be lifted. The P5+1 says they should be removed progressively over the following five years
  • Sanctions relief – Iran wants the UN sanctions suspended soon after an agreement. The P5+1 says they should be eased in a phased manner, with restrictions on imports of nuclear-related technology remaining for years
  • Non-compliance – The US and its European allies want a mechanism that would allow suspended UN sanctions to be put back into effect rapidly if Iran reneges on a deal. Russia reportedly accepts this, but wants to ensure its Security Council veto rights are protected
  • Centrifuges – Iran wants to develop advanced centrifuges that can enrich uranium faster and in greater quantities
Graphic

Iran’s key nuclear sites

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