الأربعاء , يونيو 17 2020

S Korea leader vows to raise Sewol

People pay a tribute at a group memorial altar for the victims of the sunken South Korean ferry Sewol at a remembrance hall in Ansan on 16 April 2015

The Sewol ferry disaster left 304 people – mostly teenage students – dead or missing

South Korea’s president has promised to raise the Sewol ferry, as the nation marks a year since the disaster.

A total of 304 people, mostly school students, were killed when the ship – overloaded and illegally redesigned – sank off Jindo island.

The disaster triggered nationwide grief and outrage. It led to severe criticism of safety standards and rescue efforts.

Divers have recovered all but nine of the bodies. Relatives say the ship must be raised so more remains can be found.

The government says salvaging the ship will cost $110m (£74m). But President Park Guen-hye, speaking at a port in Jindo, said she would take “the necessary steps to salvage the ship at the earliest possible date”.

South Korea’s legislative National Assembly adopted a resolution calling on the government to ensure the ferry’s speedy recovery, which it said “is the path toward healing the minds of the victims, survivors and bereaved families… as well as those of all the citizens”, reported Yonhap.

Memorial ceremonies are being held in some 300 places across the country.

The largest takes place in the afternoon at a hall in Ansan city, the home of the students, who were on a school trip. A private ceremony will also take place at their school in the evening.

In the morning, Prime Minister Lee Wan-koo was prevented from entering the memorial hall by angry relatives of those who died.

In this image taken from video released by News Y via Yonhap, passengers from a ferry sinking off South Korea's southern coast, are rescued by a South Korean Coast Guard helicopter in the water off the southern coast near Jindo, south of Seoul, Wednesday, 16 April 2014

The ship listed and sank on 16 April 2014, capsizing fully over a three-hour period

South Korean Prime Minister Lee Wan-Koo (L) bows as he is blocked by family members of the victims of the sunken South Korean ferry Sewol outside a remembrance hall in Ansan on 16 April 2015

Relatives blocked PM Lee Wan-koo from a memorial hall, amid ongoing anger at the government

A relative of victims of the Sewol ferry disaster weeps as she and others stand on the deck of a boat during a visit to the site of the sunken ferry off the coast of South Korea's southern island of Jindo on 15 April 2015

On Wednesday relatives of those who died paid their respects at the site of the disaster

In this 12 April 2015, photo, survivor Yang Jeong-won, a student who was rescued from the sunken Sewol ferry, puts her head on her desk inside a classroom at Danwon High School in Ansan, South Korea, which has become a memorial for her classmates who were killed

This classroom at Danwon High School has been left as a memorial to the children who died

Investigators say the ferry sank because, when an inexperienced crew member made too fast a turn, the combination of an illegal redesign and overloaded cargo meant the ship was unstable.

But the relatives want an independent, more thorough inquiry into the disaster, which sparked countrywide debate about regulatory failings and official incompetence.

‘Heart aches’

On Wednesday, some sailed to the site of the disaster to scatter flowers and make offerings.

“I am so heartbroken. In such cold water, to think how cold she would have been,” Reuters news agency quoted Lee Jung-seob as saying of her daughter, school student Hye-kyung.

“As she ended her life, to think how she would have missed her mum and dad and her family. My heart aches so much.”

As the ship – sailing from Incheon to Jeju island – listed, the crew told passengers to stay in their cabins and wait.

Harrowing phone messages and footage later emerged showing students growing increasingly scared as they became trapped inside the sinking ship.

Grey line
In a photo taken on 11 April 2015 Lee Keum-Hui looks at photos in the bedroom of her daughter Cho Eun-Hwa, a victim of the Sewol ferry disaster who remains unaccounted for, in Ansan

Lee Keum-hui’s daughter Eun-hwa died trapped in the ferry. Her body has not been found.

Steve Evans, BBC News, Seoul:

The mother showed the records she still keeps on her phone of those last calls from her daughter. In those calls from the stricken vessel, Eun-hwa expressed her worry that the ship was tilting. She was concerned at the fears of her fellow passengers, her school friends from Danwon High School.

Not only did Eun-hwa not return but her remains have not been found. She is one of nine victims of whom there is no trace. Their families want the Sewol raised because the absence of remains impedes the process of grief and of mourning.

Her mother told the BBC: “It really hurts. The anger boils up. My heart feels as if it’s about to burn.”

Demands for answers go on

Grey line

Most of the crew survived. The captain and three senior crew members were given long jail terms for failing to adequately protect passengers, and 11 other crew members were also imprisoned.

The captain of the first coast guard vessel on scene was also jailed for negligence relating to the botched rescue effort.

Separate trials were held for employees of the ferry operator, Chonghaejin Marine Co. The billionaire owner Yoo Byung-eun disappeared after the disaster and was eventually found dead.

Sewol victims

  • 325 students aged between 16 and 17 from Danwon High School, south of Seoul, were on a school trip to the holiday island of Jeju when the ferry sank
  • Only about 70 survived – many had obeyed orders to stay put as the ferry listed
  • Several texted their family members goodbye and to tell them “I love you”. One also filmed what turned out to be his last moments on his mobile phone inside the ship. The texts and footage were retrieved by parents and later broadcast on national television
  • Some of the survivors later testified that they had to float out of cabins and most of the crew members did not attempt to help them
  • At least three crew members died trying to evacuate passengers. They included an engaged couple, Jung Hyun-seon and Kim Ki-Woong, and the youngest crew member Park Ji-young, who gave her lifejacket to a passenger. All three have been named “martyrs” by the government

Bedrooms of the remembered

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