The much-anticipated new novel by Harper Lee, Go Set a Watchman, has gone on sale around the world.
Many bookshops remained open all night to cope with demand. Several hundred snapped up copies at midnight at Foyles bookstore in London.
The book is set 20 years after the events of Lee’s 1960 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
“We had a buzzy evening with the queue starting to form at 10pm,” said marketing manager Simon Heafield.
“If this evening is anything to go by, Go Set a Watchman will live up to its billing as the publishing event of the year.”
In Harper Lee’s hometown, Monroeville in Alabama, a delivery of 7,000 copies of Go Set a Watchman arrived at the small independent Ol’ Curiosities and Book Shoppe shortly before midnight.
“I’ve had people calling from as far away as from England looking for the book early,” shop keeper Spencer Madrie told Reuters news agency. There were cheers when the shop’s doors opened.
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Watchman contains some of the same characters as Mockingbird, including Scout and her father Atticus Finch. It has already proved controversial as early reviewers noted that Atticus expresses racist views in the story.
The story opens with Scout, now 26 and known as Jean Louise, returning on a train to her Alabama hometown from New York.
Tracy Chevalier, author of the bestselling novel Girl With a Pearl Earring, told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme that Watchman was a “roller coaster” of a read.
“It’s making literary history to have a book that has a different take on characters that we’ve all grown to love,” she said.
“I tried to read it simply on its own… There’s some great storytelling in it.”
Go Set a Watchman
initial US print run
countries released simultaneously
550 copies ordered by New York Public Library
7 translations available on day of publication
3 days wait for German translation
50% discount on RRP in many shops
Publicity-shy author Lee, who is now 89 and lives in a nursing home in Monroeville, originally wrote the book in 1957, before reworking it with her editor to become courtroom drama To Kill a Mockingbird.
The story of racism and injustice in the fictional town of Maycomb in the American South went on to sell 40 million copies and be studied in schools around the world.
Mockingbird was also made into an Oscar-winning film starring Gregory Peck as lawyer Finch, who defends an innocent black man accused of raping a white woman.
The existence of Go Set a Watchman was revealed in February and it is being released in 70 countries simultaneously.
The opening chapter of the novel was published for the first time on Friday, and many early reviews revealed that in later years Finch had in fact become “a bigot”.
“This story is of the toppling of idols,” wrote Sam Sacks in the Wall Street Journal, adding that it was “a distressing book, one that delivers a startling rebuttal to the shining idealism of To Kill a Mockingbird”.
Sacks said: “For the millions who hold that novel dear, Go Set a Watchman will be a test of their tolerance and capacity for forgiveness.”
The New York Times said the revelation could “reshape Ms Lee’s legacy” and made for “disturbing reading”.
Writing for The Guardian, Mark Lawson said: “If the text now published had been the one released in 1960, it would almost certainly not have achieved the same greatness.
“This is not so much due to literary inferiority, but because Go Set a Watchman is a much less likeable and school-teachable book.”
Lawson added that it was “in most respects, a new work, and a pleasure, revelation and genuine literary event… This publication intensifies the regret that Harper Lee published so little.”
To Kill a Mockingbird
copies in initial print run
value of a signed first-edition copy
Over 40m global sales
40 languages into which it has been translated
8 Oscar nominations for 1962 film version
3 Oscar wins
However, The Telegraph gave Go Set a Watchman a two-star review, with Gaby Wood writing “Harper Lee’s editor deserves a Pulitzer for turning this ghostly first draft into the masterful To Kill a Mockingbird”.
She added: “It feels like a sequel. But really, it’s more like a ghost: The spectre of Lee’s restless, ardent thoughts in progress.”
The Independent’s Arifa Akbar said: “We will never be able to read Mockingbird in the same way again, and never see Atticus in the same light again.
“Despite the boldness and bravery of its politics, Go Set a Watchman is a very rough diamond in literary terms.”
She added: “Whatever its failings [it] can’t be dismissed as literary scraps from Lee’s’ imagination. It has too much integrity for that.”