The man accused of murdering nine black churchgoers last month in Charleston, South Carolina, has pleaded not guilty on more than 33 federal charges.
Twenty-one-year old Dylann Roof, who is white, wanted to plead guilty on all counts according to his lawyer.
But his lawyers entered a not guilty plea because the government has not decided whether to seek the death penalty.
US Judge Bristow Marchant entered the not-guilty plea on all counts.
Mr Roof appeared in the courtroom shackled. He was silent except for a few “yes” responses to the judge’s inquiries.
The family members of victims of the 17 June attack also spoke briefly.